World Day Against Child Labour 2020 and impact of Covid19 crisis on child labour :
World Day Against Child Labour 2020 focuses on the impact of the crisis on child labour. The COVID-19 health pandemic and therefore the resulting economic and labour market shock is having an enormous impact on people’s lives and livelihoods.
Unfortunately, children are often the primary to suffer. The crisis can push many vulnerable children into child labour. These children are now at even greater risk of facing circumstances that are even harder and dealing longer hours.
World Day Against Child Labour 2020: Why child labour can’t be forgotten during COVID-19?
In just a matter of weeks, the COVID-19 outbreak has already had drastic consequences for children. Their access to education, food, and health services has been dramatically affected across the world.
The impact has been so marked, that the United Nations Secretary-General has urged governments and donors to offset the immediate effects of the COVID-19 crisis on children.
In discussions of the pandemic so far, child labour (i.e. sorts of work that are harmful to children) has played only a marginal role. Yet, as we describe during this blog, child labour is going to be a vital coping mechanism for poor households experiencing COVID-related shocks.
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As global poverty rises, so too will the prevalence of child labour. Increased parental mortality because of COVID-19 will force children into child labour, including the worst forms like work that harms the health and safety of children. Temporary school closures may have permanent implications for the poorest and most vulnerable. Limited budgets and reductions in services for families and children will compound the results of the health, economic, and social crisis.
World Day Against Child Labour 2020: Significance of World Day Against Child Labour June 12 :
Since its 2002 launch by the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Day Against Child Labour is annually celebrated on June 12 to “focus attention on the worldwide extent of child labour and therefore the action and efforts needed to eliminate it.”
The reason June 12 is marked as World Day Against Child Labour is to bring attention to the matter of child labour and to search out ways to eradicate it or fight against it. With children being pushed into forced labour, illicit activities like drug traffic and prostitution, the day brings together people from all walks of life to boost awareness about the matter of kid labour and to define guidelines to assist them.
The day brings together various sectors such as governments, employers -workers organizations, civil society, also as many people from around the world to highlight the plight of child labourers and what are often done to assist them, consistent with the United Nations.
Hundreds of children drop out of school each year to assist their parents to earn a livelihood. The more unfortunate ones are forced into child labour by organised crime rackets, while many others never get to ascertain a faculty due to extreme poverty
World Day Against Child Labour 2020: Three categories of children involved in Child Labour in India :
Normally, there are three children’s categories involved in child labour. they’re broadly classified under the categories of street children, bounded children and dealing children.
• The street children are working on the road without the protection for permanent shelter, love and affection. These children are involved in petty thefts and related crimes.
• The Bonded Children are those that are either pledged by their parents for small sums of debts of their parents. If they are brought by the owner of the small artisan or by a middle-class housewife, or by the owner of the village, they may not allow them to escape from the bondage. Hence, the children must serve their lives in servitude till they marry and cal sells their children to minimize their debt burden.
• The third category is that Working Children who are working as a neighbourhood of family labour in agriculture and house-based work. If they’re working 10-12 hours a day with their parents without any scope for education, their position more or less almost like that of children working for employers. Even within the child labour, girls have additional responsibility due to social customs and beliefs.
World Day Against Child Labour 2020: The immensity of the child labour issues In India :
The immensity of child labour in India varies from source to source. But it is often said that the amount of child labour is alarming intermediate corrective measures are required.
The Planning Commission estimates that there would be about 20 millions child workers. consistent with the estimate of ILO, the number of children abandoned by their families was 52 million out of which 38 million is found in Asia.
India contributes one-third of Asia’s child labour and a fourth of the world’s working children. the problem of child labour is everywhere but it’s more acute particularly in India.
World Day Against Child Labour 2020: The vision statement of UNICEF India:
in the vision statement of UNICEF India is stated that it will “Vigorously seek to put Children on top of the National and State policy agenda and strive to make sure that children, at all times have the first call on the country’s resources.”